frequently asked questions
Though our current models are not designed nor certified for outdoor use, the materials are naturally very weather-resistant, and many customers do use them outdoors with excellent success. For increased protection, some used plastic sheeting over the back of the speaker panel to prevent water from entering. Neither temperature nor humidity (within reason) will pose adverse effect on performance, you will simply want to keep the equipment free from significant exposure to the elements.
While there are no specific plans to produce a special outdoor design, if sufficient application opportunities were available, we could certainly do so.
There is no exact measurement for how far the sound will travel; it's a bit a like trying to specify how far a flashlight will shine. The audible distance is heavily dependent on ambient noise levels and physical objects in the beam path, but we have noted audibility at distances of 200m when used in quiet environments.
Audio Spotlight systems are much less sensitive to listener distance than traditional loudspeakers, and while maximum performance is attained at roughly 1-2m (3-6 ft) from the listener, we have also had systems mounted eight stories up on a building rooftop, beaming clearly audible sound to street-level in Manhattan.
Every Audio Spotlight speaker is equipped to accept stereo (or mono) input. Our systems are sold individually, and while you can certainly use them in stereo configurations, it is not needed in essentially all applications. Due to the unique acoustic properties of the technology, the sound appears to envelop the listener, and is heard as almost "inside the head," so the stereo separation helpful for traditional loudspeakers is not necessary with the Audio Spotlight.
Inherent in the use of ultrasound to reproduce audio is a tradeoff between maximum output level and low frequency response. This is controllable on every unit using the EQ and Preset features. A rough guideline for practical frequency response is about 200 to 400 Hz at the lower limit to 20 kHz at the upper end. The AS-24i offers the deepest low frequency response and strongest output of all Audio Spotlight models, and is an excellent choice when rich, full sound quality is important.
While not precisely zero outside the beam, bleed is extremely quiet, with sound levels dropping over 90% one step outside the beam. It's best to use a lighting analogy: Our systems "shine" beams of sound onto a very specific area. Just like it is easy to see the light from the beam of a flashlight in a very dark room, it is sometimes easy to hear very quiet sounds in a silent room. Typical background noise helps to mask the bleed, just like ambient lighting makes a flashlight beam invisible unless it is aimed right at you.
The dramatic drop in level should be plenty to maintain the quiet outside of the focused area. In the absence of all ambient noise, complete silence outside the beam is impossible, as the human ear is sensitive enough to hear 0.0001% of the energy; but just as this is a non-issue with light beams, it is usually not an issue with beams of sound.
Audible sound created by Audio Spotlight technology, while in a tight beam, is absorbed, reflected, and scattered the same as all sound waves. However, if the reflective surface is flat, such as a wall or floor, the beam maintains its directivity perfectly, reflecting like a laser from a mirror, maintaining good acoustic isolation. Sound wave scattering only occurs when the reflecting object is extremely irregular at scales of audible wavelengths, such as an acoustic diffuser panel designed specifically to scatter sound.
Our systems deliver sound to tight, narrow areas, just like spotlights. Multiple systems can be used to create a larger sound area, similar to track lighting. Our Technical Specifications show how much area is covered by each system.
Filling an entire dance floor with sound would nearly require tiling the ceilings with Audio Spotlight systems, rendering this quite impractical for modest budgets.
Since Holosonics created the market for directional loudspeakers, a few traditional loudspeaker manufacturers have released systems that claim isolation and directivity. These systems take the form of speaker panels, arrays, and domes. It is important to note that all loudspeakers become more directional as their size increases. Therefore, a large speaker (or array) is more directional than a small speaker, and this is what these manufacturers are selling. Another trick that some manufacturers use is to specify directivity only at an unusually high frequency, where sound from all loudspeakers is more directional.
These "directional" products feature 30 degrees or more of spread, with hardly a difference in level, and even then only at high frequency. Holosonics believes that "directional" sound should be comparable to light, or a laser - such as the 5 degrees of spread of the Audio Spotlight system.
None of these products even remotely approach the directivity or sound isolation offered by the Audio Spotlight, as you would need a speaker dozens of feet across to mimic the directivity offered by our system! Only the Audio Spotlight technology can create a true beam of sound, with a 90% drop of level one step outside the beam.
More information: Fundamental Limitations of Loudspeaker Directivity.
Holosonics does regularly offer custom sizes and shapes, and you are welcome to contact us with your requirements. Please note that, as with all sound sources, there is a direct relationship between the size (active surface area) of the speaker, and its output volume and frequency response; moving more air creates more sound. Therefore, larger speakers will produce greater output volume with a wider frequency response. The smaller the speaker unit is, the less output and range it will have.
In addition, the coverage area of the speaker is directly related to its size, and should suit the application. For example, our AS-16i speaker provides a suitable coverage area for comfortably targeting one or two people, and the AS-168i's narrow beam is designed for targeting a single, stationary listener. A smaller unit would produce a very small coverage area, reaching a single listener, as long as it was very precisely aimed.
These are general guidelines for our most common applications, and we are always happy to produce any size that is requested.
Our fully-integrated Audio Spotlight systems are designed to be an all-in-one package, ready to plug and play. Every speaker panel contains a built-in amplifier/processor including a microSD card reader for convenient, direct playback of your audio files. Line-level inputs are also available if you wish to supply input from an external source, and the systems are compatible with any standard playback device, including mp3, CD and DVD players, computers, projectors, and more.
The power supply accepts worldwide power input (100-240V AC, 50-60kHz), and we will include the appropriate power cable for your region. We offer a variety of mounting options, shown in detail on our Mounting Options catalog.
The on-board playback device of every Audio Spotlight speaker supports Ogg Vorbis (.ogg) files, a file format that provides higher quality encoding than MP3, and can be encoded and used free of all licensing fees. There are many popular third party programs and online conversion sites available, and Holosonics is also happy to assist with converting your files directly, if needed.
Our systems also support most wave (.wav) files, which is the standard file format native to most digital audio recording devices. Wave files offer CD quality compression-free audio at the expense of a larger file size (roughly 10MB per minute), however many microSD cards provide plenty of storage to accommodate even extended wave playlists.
If a microSD card is present in the Audio Spotlight speaker's card reader, its audio files will automatically play in the sequence of your playlist. The IR remote control included with every system offers complete playback control (play/pause, track select).
Note, if an external input device is also present and active, both signals will be mixed for reproduction.